The kidneys are one of the vital organs that proper body function depends on. Bean-shaped in appearance, these two organs are positioned laterally against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity right beneath the rib cage.
The list of functions the kidneys perform is quite long. To start with, they detoxify the blood, filter out waste through urine and remove excess water from the body. Plus, the kidneys retain water when the body needs more.
In addition, these important organs help regulate calcium and phosphate levels in the body. They also secrete important hormones that help regulate body functions like blood pressure and formation of red blood cells – erythrocytes. These are vital for transporting oxygen and important nutrients throughout the body.